Different Types of Coffee Explained

Coffee isn’t just a beverage. It’s an emotion for most coffee lovers. Whether you are feeling dull, happy, looking to lift your spirits after a bad day at work or trying to pull an all-nighter to prepare for your big presentation the next morning, it all comes down to reaching out for a perfectly brewed cup of coffee. 

If just saying ‘coffee’ makes you go weak in the knees and the aroma makes you take a little detour to visit the coffee place, this article is just for you! Here’s everything you need to know about the types of coffee and the various kinds of coffee beans. So let’s dive right in, shall we? 

Types of Coffee Beans

In the coffee world, there are two main types of coffee beans — Arabica and Robusta. Both of these beans have their own flavor and characteristics, but if you’re looking to make the perfect cup of coffee that suits your taste, it’s important to know the type of bean you’re using.  

Arabica Coffee

Arabica coffee beans are known for their sweetness and complexity, and they are used in many different blends of coffee.The two main countries that produce this kind are Brazil and Ethiopia. 

It is usually more expensive than other types of coffee because it is more difficult to grow. The beans are also more delicate and need to be roasted carefully to bring out their best flavor. 

Robusta Coffee

It’s made from the Robusta coffee plant, which is native to Africa and was first discovered in Ethiopia. The Robusta coffee plant is known for its high caffeine content, which is why it is often used in espresso and other coffee drinks that require a higher caffeine content. Robusta coffee beans are also generally less expensive than Arabica coffee beans, making them a popular choice for budget-minded coffee drinkers.

Types of Hot Coffee

Whether you’re a coffee aficionado or just looking to switch up your morning routine, it’s important to know the different types of hot coffee available — such as caffe latte, americano, macchiato, espresso and my favorite a long black. Here is a breakdown of what each drink is, who typically enjoys them and the ingredients needed to make them.

Black Coffee

It is simply coffee that has been brewed without any additives. This means no sugar, no milk, and no flavoring syrups. For many people, black coffee is the perfect way to enjoy the true flavors of coffee.

If you’re new to black coffee, you may find it to be a bit strong and bitter. However, there are a few ways to make black coffee more palatable. Adding a dash of milk or cream can help round out the flavor, or you can try adding a bit of sugar to offset the bitterness.

Decaf 

When it comes to coffee, there are different levels of caffeine. Some people can’t handle the amount of caffeine in coffee and need to find a lower level or decaf coffee. Decaf coffee still has some caffeine in it, but it’s a lower level than regular coffee. If you’re looking for a way to enjoy the flavor of coffee without all the caffeine, decaf is the way to go. 

Espresso 

Espresso coffee is one of the most popular types of coffee in the world. It is made by forcing hot water through finely ground coffee beans. This creates a strong, concentrated coffee that is often used as the base for other types of coffee drinks. Espresso is also the type of coffee that is used in many cappuccinos and lattes.

Latte 

Latte is a type of coffee that is made by adding steamed milk to espresso. This results in a coffee that is creamy and has a milder flavor than espresso. It’s often served with flavoring syrups, such as vanilla or chocolate, and can be topped with whipped cream.

Cappuccino 

A cappuccino is a coffee drink made with espresso, hot milk, and steamed milk foam. The term cappuccino comes from the Italian word for cap, which refers to the drink’s foam topping. Cappuccinos are usually served in smaller portions than other coffee drinks, and the foam provides a unique texture and flavor.

Cappuccinos are made by combining espresso and hot milk in a 1:1 ratio. The milk is steamed until it forms a thick foam, which is then spooned over the espresso. A cappuccino typically has less caffeine than a cup of coffee, as the small serving size means there is less espresso in the drink.

If you’re looking for a coffee drink that is rich and creamy, with a unique flavor, then a cappuccino is a great choice. Just be aware that the foam topping can make this drink slightly more calorie-dense than other coffee drinks.

Macchiato 

One type of coffee that is perfect for those who want to enjoy a rich and bold flavor is macchiato. This type of coffee is made by adding a small amount of steamed milk to espresso, which results in a drink that is both creamy and full-flavored. If you’re looking for a coffee that will give you a serious energy boost, then a macchiato is the way to go.

Americano 

Made with espresso and hot water, this drink is named after the American soldiers who used to order it during World War II. 

Americano coffee is a strong, flavorful drink that is perfect for people who need an extra boost of energy. The espresso gives the coffee its distinctive flavor and caffeine kick, while the hot water makes it more refreshing and easier to drink.

If you are looking for a tasty and energizing coffee, then an Americano is a great choice.

Café au Lait 

Café au lait coffee is coffee with milk. The proportion of coffee to milk can vary, but is usually about 1/3 coffee and 2/3 milk. It can be made with any type of milk, but is traditionally made with whole milk.

Café au lait is a popular coffee drink in France and many other countries. It is often served in a bowl or mug, and sometimes comes with a pastry on the side. 

Cortado 

It is made by combining espresso with a small amount of milk. This coffee is popular in Spain and Portugal, and is often drunk in the afternoon. Cortado coffee is usually served in a small glass or cup, and is often garnished with a slice of lemon. Yes, lemon! A little surprising even for the coffee lovers, right? 

Flat White 

It is made made by steaming milk and pouring it over an espresso. The coffee is then served with a layer of foam on top. Makes it a must have for the cream lovers. Also, the milk in the flat white coffee makes it less acidic than other types of coffee, making it easier on the stomach.

Mocha Latte 

It combines the flavors of chocolate with the rich taste of coffee. This delicious drink is made by combining espresso with chocolate syrup or powder, and then adding steamed milk. Mocha lattes can be made with either dark or milk chocolate, and they are often topped with whipped cream and a dusting of cocoa powder. This type of a coffee makes for a great way of combining your love for chocolate and coffee. 

Red Eye Coffee

How many times have you seen someone order a ‘red eye’ coffee? If you’re like most people, you’ve probably wondered what that even means. Well, it’s simply coffee that has been brewed with an espresso shot added to it. The result is a stronger, more flavorful cup of coffee. 

One thing to keep in mind is that red eye coffee can be a bit more bitter than regular coffee. You may want to add a little bit of sugar or cream to your cup if you aren’t a fan of the bitter taste. This coffee is perfect to get that extra shot of energy in the morning, especially when you have a packed day ahead. 

Irish Coffee

This type of coffee is made with whiskey, cream, and sugar, and is a popular drink in Ireland and the United States.

Irish coffee was first created in the early 1940s by a chef at the Shannon Airport in Ireland. The original recipe called for Irish whiskey, coffee, sugar, and cream. The drink was served to weary travelers as a way to warm them up and help them relax. Whether you’re looking for a traditional Irish coffee or something with a little more kick, this drink is sure to please.

Types of Cold Coffee

When it comes to coffee, there are endless possibilities and flavor profiles to explore. But if you’re new to the world of coffee, it can be daunting to know where to start. That’s why we’re breaking down the different types of cold coffee, so you can learn about all the different ways to enjoy a cup of joe.

Iced Coffee

Iced coffee is a refreshing and delicious way to enjoy your favorite coffee drink. There are a few different ways to make iced coffee, and each method results in a slightly different flavor.

The most common way to make iced coffee is to brew a pot of coffee using your preferred method, then pour it over ice cubes. This method results in a strong, flavorful iced coffee that is perfect for hot summer days.

Another popular way to make iced coffee is to cold brew it. Cold brewing involves steeping coffee grounds in cold water for an extended period of time, usually overnight. This results in a less acidic and smoother tasting iced coffee.

If you want to get creative, there are all sorts of variations you can try with your iced coffee. Add some flavored syrup or creamers for a sweet treat, or try making an affogato by topping your iced coffee with a scoop of ice cream. No matter how you enjoy it, iced coffee is a great way to cool down and perk up at the same time.

Iced Latte 

It is made with espresso and milk, and then cooled with ice. It is a refreshing and flavorful way to enjoy coffee, and can be customized to your liking with different types of milk and flavorings.

Cold Brew 

Cold brew coffee is made by steeping coffee grounds in cold water for a long period of time, usually 12 hours or more. This results in a coffee that is less acidic and has a smoother flavor than coffee made with hot water. Cold brew coffee is also said to have a higher concentration of caffeine.

One downside of cold brew coffee is that it can be more expensive than other types of coffee, since it takes longer to make. 

Nitro Cold Brew 

As the name suggest, this type of coffee is made by infusing nitrogen gas into cold brew coffee. Sounds weird? Well, this gives the coffee a creamy texture and amplifies the taste of the coffee — making it more robust and flavorful.

Frappe

A frappe is a type of coffee that is made by blending coffee with milk and ice. It is a popular drink in many countries, especially in Greece. There are many different ways to make a frappe, but the most common method is to blend coffee, milk, and ice together in a blender. Some people also add sugar or other flavorings to their frappe.

Frappes can be made with any type of coffee, but they are usually made with espresso or instant coffee. Instant coffee frappes are often called iced coffees.